Rosdoagh Court Tomb

Rosdoagh Court Tomb
https://voicesfromthedawn.com/rosdoagh-court-tomb/

There was a lack of knowledge in earlier centuries that meant that several monuments were just described as ‘Druid’s Circles’ on old maps or surveys.  Several authors believed that tombs or monuments were not established within ancient Ireland.  During 1726 Dr. William Molyneus of Dublin published a book that proposed that Stone Age Passage Tombs were monuments constructed by the Danes during the eight century CE.  During the 1800’s James Ferguson believed that the Irish Megalithic Monuments were not of ancient origin but were erected during the ‘First ten centuries of the Christian era.’  The monument was called a ‘ritual’ court in a 2003 book.  The mysterious stones of this monument overlook the sea where the Glenamoy River enters the Broadhaven Estuary.  Rosdoagh Court Tomb in Rossport North Mayo was a large monument with a circular kerb of thirty – three stones that once supported a Cairn approximately a diameter of eighteen metres.  There are sixteen stones in survival from the large central court that had a diameter of nine metres.  The co ordinates for site are 54 16 47 82 N also 9 48 4.12 W.  There is an image of the monument on this link. (15th October 2020) [i]

This National Monument was known as a ‘Druid’s Circle.’  It was constructed during the Neolithic era to the Bronze Age.  Rosdoagh was later confirmed as a Court Tomb.  Remains of this large Tomb consist of a kerb of an almost circular Cairn that once was eighteen metres in diameter.  Of the once central court area just sixteen stones remain. [ii]

The Rosdoagh Court Tomb is situated seven hundred metres Southwest of Rossport near Glenamoy River mouth.  It was erected during the Neolithic Age; originally described as a ‘druids circle.  It was a large Court Cairn with a near circular kerb of thirty – three stones.  Once supported by a Cairn of eighteen metres in diameter.  Sixteen stones survive from the large central court with a diameter of nine metres.  A short gallery orientated to South South East – North North West opens to a cairn at South South East.  An oval bank surrounds Court Tomb at twenty – seven by twenty metres. [iii]

Footnote

Reference to the Court Tomb at Rosdoagh is on OS Maps F827383 / Sheet 22.  Most of the site is not visible at present.  The information board at the site is interesting according to this link:https://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/5470/rosdoagh.html

Rosdoagh Tomb is mentioned on this link from 13th October 2002: https://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=1234

Originally recorded as a ‘druid’s circle,’ it is known now to have been a Court Tomb.  It was located seven hundred metres South West of Rossport in North Mayo: https://www.routeyou.com/en-ie/location/view/49409946/rosdoagh-stone-circle

The National Monument Rosdoagh Court Tomb is mentioned among lists of Mayo monuments at number 386 at this link: https://www.archaeology.ie/sites/default/files/media/pdf/monuments-in-state-care-mayo.pdf

These publications refer to the Rosdoagh monument:

‘A Natural History of Ireland in Three Parts’ 1726 Moylneux Thomas & Boate Gerard 1726 Goorge Grierson pages 189 – 190 referred to Ireland’s Monuments.

‘Rude Stones Monuments – all Countries; Their Age and Uses’ 1872 Fergusson James

‘Sacred Sights: Unknown Celtic Ireland’ 2003 Vance Rob Gill & Macmillen Dublin Page 133 referred to Rosdoagh as a ritual circle.

‘A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland & Brittany’ 2005 Burl Aubrey Yale University Press Pages 242 & 299. [iv]

‘Survey of Megalithic Tombs in Ireland’ Volume 11 Court Monuments; a report from PDF by Government Stationary Office 1964 de Valera Ruaidhri & O ‘Nuallain Sean is available at this link: https://www.archaeology.ie/sites/default/files/media/publications/smi-vol-2-text.pdf

The Tomb is mentioned in this publication ‘Irish Megaliths: Field Guide and Photographs’ 2011 Weir Anthony. [v]

A high – resolution photograph was produced during 1978 with the use of a 4 x 5 view camera.  On this site it is best viewed full – screen. One may click the photo then click at bottom of Zoomify tool bar access the monument view. [vi]

Controversy has arisen between the respect for Heritage locations with the modern lure of commerce. Especially in the construction of a modern cottage just outside the monument.  Of greater danger in the area is the Royal Dutch Shell Company to construct their Gas pipeline so close to the monument.  Their 29th September 2011 Environmental Impact Statement reported that ‘A Court Tomb…is situated circa one hundred & seventy metres from the pipeline route – it is possible that previously unrecorded prehistoric pre – bog field systems associated with this prehistoric burial monument may be uncovered during earthmoving works associated with the construction of the proposed route…’ [vii]

Bibliography

[i] Rosdoagh Court Tomb (https://voicesfromthedawn.com/rosdoagh-court-tomb/) [assessed 23rd February 2021]

[ii] County Mayo (http://www.irishmegaliths.org.uk/mayo.htm) [assessed 23rd February 2021]

[iii] Rosdoagh Stone Circle (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosdoagh_Stone_Circle) [assessed 23rd February 2021]

[iv] Rosdoagh (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosdoagh_Stone_Circle) [assessed 23rd February 2021]

[v] County Mayo (http://www.irishmegaliths.org.uk/mayo.htm) [assessed 23rd February 2021]

[vi] Rosdoagh Court Tomb (https://voicesfromthedawn.com/rosdoagh-court-tomb/) [assessed 23rd February 2021]

[vii] Rosdoagh Court Tomb (https://voicesfromthedawn.com/rosdoagh-court-tomb/) [assessed 23rd February 2021]

 

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