Eochy’s Cairn

Eochy's Cairn, Co. Mayo
https://www.flickr.com/photos/ogma69/6798370276

The National Monument of Eochy’s Cairn stands on a long hill near Kilmaine in Co. Mayo.  The remains of two avenues may be seen to the Northwest & Southwest.  It appeared that once a great avenue swept up to the Cairn.  From the Cairn there is a 360 – degree view of the surrounding countryside.  It was named after Eochaidh the King of the Fir Bolg had marched West for battle with the Tuatha Dé Dannan.  On his demise he was buried within the monument. (15th September 2020) [i]

Eochy’s Cairn is a large quarried circular limestone Cairn located on a low hill.  It is fifty – five metres above sea – level.  The Cairn is forty – five metres in diameter.  It has sloping sides plus a flat platform top.  A large quantity of stone was removed from the East side.  An interesting feature of the Cairn is the enormous oval enclosure that is one hundred & forty – five metres in diameter.  It runs North to South & is more intact on its West side.  Set in the enclosure’s interior are a few small Standing Stones.  Believed to have been the burial site of the King of the Fir Bolg who was killed by the Tuatha Dé Dannan. (From Fr. O ‘Flanagan History Centre, Cliffony Co. Sligo) [ii]

Sir William Wilde stated in ‘Antiquities’ that the local name for Eochy’s Cairn was Killower.  It was the largest Carn in Co. Mayo.  It was erected over the grave of the Fir Bolg King Eochy.  The site is approximately three & a – half miles from Cong also to the North East of Loch Mask House.  The Cairn was erected with loose stones plus boulders.  The base of the Cairn was surrounded by an earthen rampart of an enormous girth.  They were a formidable circle of large flagstones in the interior.  The rampart was damaged, but three flagstones were still erect. [iii]

A query from Deputy Éamon Ó Cuiv at an Dáil Éireann Debate on 31st May 2018 was posed re. if public access would be granted to the National Monument at the Hill of Carn in the Neale. The answer provided was that The Office of Public Works regarded the access as acceptable. [iv]

Footnotes

This site has a map of Carn townland.  Carn is in the Electoral Division of Sonnagh, in the Civil Parish of Kilbeagh also in the Barony of Costelloe in Co. Mayo.  Its coordinates are 53 55 40 N by 8 50 59 W. [v]

The large Neolithic Cairn is surrounded by a massive oval – enclosure, surrounded by several Standing Stones.  An image of monument features on this link. [vi]

This site states that Eochy’s Cairn is situated in the townland of Carn, or An Carn in the civil parish of Ballinchall that is in the Barony of Kilmaine in South Mayo: https://www.logainm.ie/en/114204

This publication refers to Eochy’s Cairn: ‘Ireland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide to Sites from earliest times to AD 1600’ 2006 Halpin Andy & Newman Conor pages 202 & 234; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eochy%27s_Cairn

This National Monument of Eochy’s Cairn is situated 3km Northwest of The Neale in Co. Mayo.  It was believed to have been constructed during 4000 – 2500 BC.  The elevation is sixty – four metres.  It is believed to be the burial site of Eochaidh Mac Eire following his demise at the mythical Battle of Moytura. [vii]

Eochy’s Cairn is listed among Monuments at this site. The Monument number is 246. [viii]

Eochy’s Cairn is mentioned within the Collection by Duchas at this site: https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4427869/4352227/4435950

This link has information on the historical legend of Eochaidh the King of the Fir Bolg plus a sketch of Eochy’s Cairn: http://www.carrowkeel.com/sites/cong/cong3.html

This site mentions the Battle of Moytura: http://www.carrowkeel.com/files/who.html

Padraig Colum Book on Moytura is available to download on this page: https://ricevivucu.silentsoundsparty.com/moytura-book-15662ua.php

Eochy’s Cairn is mentioned in ‘First Light, The Origins of Newgrange’ 2015 Hensey Robert Oxbow Books on Amazon sites.

This Facebook page has information of Eochy’s Cairn also several images of Monument. [ix]

Bibliography

[i] Eochy’s Cairn (https://returnofancient.substack.com/p/eochys-cairn-and-the-everliving-well) [assessed 8th February 2021]

[ii] Ballymacgibbon Cairn (http://www.carrowkeel.com/sites/cong/cong2.html) [assessed 8th February 2021]

[iii] 19 /11/2020 Antiquities (https://www.mayo.ie/getattachment/007331ae-e793-4275-8711-eaf9c7d86f24/attachment.aspx) [assessed 8th February 2021]

[iv] National Monument (https://www.oireachtas.ie/en/debates/question/2018-05-31/76/) [assessed 8th February 2021]

[v] Carn Townland (https://www.townlands.ie/mayo/costello/kilbeagh/sonnagh/carn/) [assessed 8th February 2021]

[vi] Eochy’s Cairn, Cong (https://www.flickr.com/photos/ogma69/6798370276) [assessed 8th February 2021]

[vii] Eochy’s Cairn (https://alchetron.com/Eochy’s-Cairn) [assessed 8th February 2021]

[viii] Mayo (https://www.archaeology.ie/sites/default/files/media/pdf/monuments-in-state-care-mayo.pdf) [assessed 8th February 2021]

[ix] Monumental Mayo (https://www.facebook.com/monumentalireland/posts/monumental-mayo-the-1st-battle-of-moyturamoytura-conga-just-east-of-the-village-/1392131700841570/) [assessed 8th February 2021]

 

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