Breastagh Ogham Stone

Breastagh Ogham Stone
https://www.megalithicmonumentsofireland.com/COUNTIES/MAYO/Breastagh_OghamStone.html

This Megalithic Ogham Stone is perhaps one of the most well-known Standing Stones within Ireland.  It is believed to have been erected as a pillar – stone during the Bronze Age.  Ziegler dated it to 550 – 900 AD.  An Ogham epithet was inscribed as an additional feature in later centuries.  This stone measures 3.66 metres in height with a width of 0.76 metres plus a depth of 0.60 metres.   Two angles of its southern face were the positions used for inscription.  The inscription has been damaged by spalling at its beginning.  Translation is ‘Leggio – – Sadiulenges – Q – – Mac Corrbri -Maq – Ammolratta.’  The coordinates are 54 14 47.453N & 9 15 13.275 W.  This page has a sketch plus photo of the stone. [i]

The former Ailandruadh or ‘Druid’s Stone Pillar’ is an outstanding example of a square sectioned Standing Stone.  It measured 3.5 metres in height.  Possibly erected during the Bronze Age.  Its inscription was chiselled circa 600 – 900 AD.  Following several centuries, it was re – erected during 1853 by members of the Royal Irish Academy.  The visible markings consist of ‘LGG….SD. LEESIA’ with the other side marked by ‘MAQCORBBRIMAQAMLOITT.’  The nineteenth Antiquarian John O Donovan believed this Breastagh Stone as an authentic place where a man of rank, one descended from Royalty namely Amhalgaigh who was the grandson of the fifth century King of Connaught.  He dated the carving to the first half of the sixth century.  ‘On the roadside there is the finest pillar – stone, perhaps in Ireland, with Ogham inscription, indicating the burial – place ‘of the son of Carbry, the son of Awley’.  This stone was put standing (re – set in 1853) some fifty – five years ago, by the late Sir Samual Ferguson.’  (Journal R. S. A. I. Vol V111., PT.111 15th September 1888) [ii]

This Ogham Stone was discovered by Englishman W. K. Dover lying in a field during April 1876.  The site suggested a pre – historic Standing Stone that was later inscribed with Ogham letters.  It stood 3.36 metres x 0.76 metres x 0.60 metres by McAlister in (1945 13.)  He also suggested that Tirawley where the Standing Stone is located; referred the fifth century local King Amolgaid who had a son Coirpre, that the Stone was a memorial to family.  A large flake had gone from the B – surface of the injured angle, a L was left- followed by a vowel possibly an E.  After the B – haves of two G’s a fracture occurred.  There was a row of perfect letters that ran to top of stone.  The remainder of inscription was clear with the final D as the last letter. (Macalister 1935 13 – 14)   Further he observed that the top third of Stone was heavily covered in lichen so much of the inscription after the LL of the second person’s name was obscured.  There appeared to be a fracture between the LL & final T. (McManus 1986 22)   Mac Neill (1909 332) identified the name as Amlongaid the King of Connaught who died circa 440 – 450.  McManus (1991 53 & 96 / 97) differed with dating, he suggested perhaps it was late sixth or early seventh Century.  There are several images on page. [iii]

A Standing Stone in John Langan’s field is an Ogham stone inscribed with name of ‘Cabra son of Awley.’  Coordinates are Latitude 54 14 47.18 N & Longitude 9 15 12.44 W.  OS Reference is G183338 / Sheet: 24.  Several images on page are by Charles Coughlan. [iv]

Breastagh Ogham Stone or Cloch Oghaim Bhréisteach is a National Monument 4.2 km North Northwest of Killala.  It was believed to have been erected during the Bronze Age with the Ogham inscription added between 600 – 900 AD.  It was brought to Sir Samual Fergusan’s attention when discoved by Englishman W. K. Dover during April 1874 lying in a field.  It measured 366 cm x 76cm  x 60 cm.  It had carvings incised on two edges.  The translation referred to ‘Legescad, son of Corrbrias, son of Ammllogitt.’  He was believed to have been the grandson of Amhlgaid (d 440)Mac Fiachre King of Connaught of Ui  Tirawley also to an earlier túath Tir Amlaidh. [v]

Footnotes

This link has information: https://archive.org/stream/journalofroyalso2140roya/journalofroyalso2140roya_djvu.txt

Breastagh Ogham Stone is mentioned on this site: https://www.facebook.com/

An image of stone on link: https://www.flickr.com/photos/nlireland/8484298783

This page has an image of Breastagh Ogham Stone: http://www.carrowkeel.com/sites/ceidefields/kilalla.html

Bibliography

[i] Breastagh Ogham Stone (http://www.megalithicmonumentsofireland.com/COUNTIES/MAYO/Breastagh_OghamStone.htm)l) [assessed 21st March 2021]

[ii] Breastagh Ogham Stone (http://www.sacredlandscapes.ie/breastagh-ogham-stone.html) [assessed 21st March 2021]

[iii] Breastaigh ( https://ogham.celt.dias.ie/stone.php?lang=en&site=Breastagh&stone=10._Breastagh&stoneinfo=description) [assessed 21st March 2021]

[iv] Breastage (https://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site.php/2547/breastagh.html) [assessed 21st March 2021]

[v] Breastagh (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breastagh_Ogham_Stone) [assessed 21st March 2021]

 

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