Perigrine O' Clereigh (Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh

Scribe

Scribe.
commons.wikimedia.org
Signatures of Four Masters.
commons.wikimedia.org
Annals of the Four Masters
commons.wikimedia.org
From Annals
commons.wikimedia.org
ODomnail from Annals
commons.wikimedia.org
Gofraid Groban from Annals
commons.wikimedia.org
Ruins of Kilbarron Castle at Greeevy.
commons.wikimedia.org
Donegal Friary.
commons.wikimedia.org

Scribe / Poet

Not much material is available about this scholar apart from his work during the 1600’s.  He was a very accomplished Scribe.  He deserves to be remembered for his writings & poems.

Genealogy

The O ‘Cléirigh family lived at the princely residence of the Oilamhs, bards & Antiquarians of the people of Tirconnell: the illustrious family of the O ‘Cléary’s Kilbarron Castle at Creevy near Ballyshannon in Co. Donegal.  Perigrine O ‘Cléirigh was a son of the celebrated Scholar Lughaidh O ‘Cléirigh also a cousin of the Chief Scribe Michael O’ Cléirigh.  At the time that the ‘Annals of the Four Masters’ written Perigrine O ‘Cléirihgh was the head of the family plus the Official Chief of the Ollamhs of Tirconnell.[i]

Project

Brother Michael O ‘Cléirigh (on leave from the Monastery in Louvain) the noted Antiquarian & Poet had an idea that he could produce a new all – encompassing book by collecting ancient vellums of local Annals, that would incorporate the reigns, deaths, genealogies of the Irish High Kings also the provincial kings, distinguished families, Chiefs or men of science, historians etc.  From 22nd January 1632 to 10th August 1636 along with Cu Choiridhe O ‘Cleirigh, Fearfeasta O Maol Chonais & the Chief Compiler Brother Micheal O ‘Cléirigh of Crevy that project was completed under the Patronage of Feargal O’ Gadha M.P Coolaire, Co. Sligo. [ii]

Perigrene O ‘Cléirigh participated in the following projects led by Brother Míchéal Ó Cléirigh  ‘The Genealogies of the kings and saints of Ireland’ from 4 October to 4 November 1630 in the Franciscans’ House at Athlone.  Also the ‘Book of invasions’ from 22 October to 22 December 1631 at their house at Lisgoole, Co. Fermanagh.[iii]

The Chronicle of Medieval History of Ireland’ that included entries from the Deluge 2242 up to 1676 A.D. were written in the Irish Language.  They were written at a Franciscan Friary near the Drownes River, Co. Leitrim initially called the ‘Annals of the Irish Kingdoms’ it became known as ‘The Annals of the Four Masters.’  Two Autographical Copies were produced: one for Fearghai O ‘Gadha with one for the Franciscan Brotherhood at the Irish College of St. Anthony at Louvain.[iv]

According to Gallan Tom The Annals of the Four Masters’ referred to the timeline of the age of the world to the Deluge 2242.[v]

According to this site the Franciscans had an House of Refuge beside the River Drowes, just outside Ballyshannon in Co. Leitrim.  It was believed that ‘The Annals of the Four Masters’ with several other Annals were complied.[vi]

Publications

Works attributed to O ‘Cléirigh were a poem to Mary a sister of Red Hugh O’Donnell (now housed among the Phillips Manuscripts at the National Library of Ireland)  He also penned the ‘Life of Aodh Ruaidh O’ Domhaill.’  The O ‘Clery Books are referenced in the Will of Cocugry that remained for numerous  years within Co. Mayo.[vii]

Mayo

Following the completion of the ‘The Annals of the Four Masters’ it was believed that Perigrine O ‘Clérigh moved to the West of Ireland.  A copy of those were used as a source by Dubhallad Mc Fhirbhisign in Galway during 1679.[viii]

Demise

Perigrine O ‘Clérigh demise occurred at Gortnaheilia, Glenhest in Newport area during 1644. (various dates appears on several websites) (his wishes were carried out) [ix]

Perigrine O Céirigh’s is buried within Burrishoole Abbey outside Newport Co. Mayo (one of the Four Masters.)’[x]

Will

This site believes that Perigrine O Céirigh’s is the ‘Cuco[. . .]’ that penned the will that was pasted into the back of RIA MS 23.D.17.  Writing in 1664 at Corr na hEilte the Testator leaves his soul to God, his body to nearby Burrishoole Abbey also his books to his sons Diarmaid & Seaán.[xi]

In Perigrine O Céirigh’s will at Curr – na –  hEilte, (dated 8th February 1664) he stated that ‘I bequeath my Soul to God Almighty and I charge my body to be buried in the Monastery of Burgheis Umhaill…. ‘ [xii]

The ‘Cathair na Mart Historical Journal’ (pages 35 / 36) has a translation of the Will that was taken from an O ‘Curry’s ‘Manuscript Materials’ (pages 560 – 2) [xiii]

Translations

During 1846 the noted Historian & Poet Owen Connellan transcribed the ‘Annals of the Four Masters’ into the English Language.  The volumes were annotated by Philip Mac Dermott M. D. (who created the first family location Map of Ireland)  During the years of 1848 to 1851 the noted Scholar John O’Donovan translated the ‘The Annals of the Four Masters’ into five – large volumes sets.  Those were later translated into seven slimmer volumes. [xiv]

Tributes

The four scribes are honoured on a Memorial Bridge over the River Drowes at Mullinaleck in Kinlought, Co. Leitrim.[xv]

Their lives are celebrated in the Annual O’ Cléirigh School that is held at Rossknowlagh Friary in Co. Donegal.[xvi]

In Donegal town the Scribes are Commemorated with a ten metre high Obelisk erected during 1938 with their names inscribed at The Diamond.[xvii]

A Cycling Club also a GAA Club (founded in 1932) were named after these four Scribes.[xviii]

A collaborative Exhibition of the five Manuscripts was held from 9th October to 21st December 2007 at the Long Room in Trinity College Dublin between Irish Franciscans, the Royal Irish Academy, Trinity College plus University College as part of the Louvain 400 Anniversary Commemoration of the Irish Franciscan College of St Anthony in Louvain in Belgium.[xix]

Footnotes

It is believed that descendants of are the Cleary& Clarke families of Brockleagh, Glenhest also Burrishoole.[xx]

A Memorial Plaque adorns the ruins of the O ‘Cléary’s Kilbarron Castle at Creevy near Ballyshannon in Co. Donegal.[xxi]

This site references O ‘Cleary information: http://magoo.com/hugh/oclery.html

Copies of these Manuscripts are held within Dublin at these buildings:

The National Library of Ireland: https://www.nli.ie/

Trinity College Dublin: https://www.tcd.ie/

University College Dublin: https://www.ucd.ie/

Royal Irish Academy: https://www.ria.ie/

Copies of The Annals of the Four Masters’ were donated from the Charles Haughty private library to the National Museum of Ireland – Country Life at Turlough Co. Mayo.  (Gratitude is extended to Museum staff for their assistance)

A list of published texts be viewed at this link: https://celt.ucc.ie/publishd.html

Irish Script On Screen – ISOS project at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies has high-resolution digital images of the Royal Irish Academy’s copy of ‘The Annals of the Four Masters’: https://www.isos.dias.ie/ [xxii]

Publications that reference Perigrine O ‘Cléirigh include the following\;

Mac Shamais OSF Bro. Angelo in the “Notes on Cuchoigcriche O ‘Cléirigh, One of the Four Masters Cathair na Mart Historical Journal’ 2001 No.21 (pages 27 – 44) [xxiii]

Perigrine O ‘Cléirigh is referenced in’ The Dictionary of Irish Biography’ Mac Shamais OSF Bro. Angelo.[xxiv]

Walsh Fr. Paul 1994 ‘The four Masters and their work’ (edited by Colm O’ Lochlain) Sign of the Three Candles Dublin [xxv]

Walsh Fr. Paul 1947 ‘Irish Men of Learning; studies’ (edited by Com O’ Lochlain)  Sign of the Three Candles Dublin (ten publications between 1940 & 1963 are indexed)  [xxvi]

Cunningham Bernadette reviewed ‘The Annals of the Four Masters; Irish history, kingship and society in the early 17th century’ in ‘Studia Hibernica’ No. 37  (pages 257 260)  This edition was reviewed by Mhathúna Deirdre Nic 2011.  It may be downloaded at this link: https://www.jstor.org/stable/23645650

Mc Carthy Daniel P. 2008 ‘The Irish Annals; their genesis, evolution and history’  A PDF may be downloaded at this link:https://www.academia.edu/31991496/The_Irish_Annals_their_genesis_evolution_and_history_2009_

Brady John 1942 ‘The Writings of Paul Walsh’ in ‘Irish Historical Studies’ Vol. 3 No. 10  (pages 193 – 208) Cambridge University Press. This may be downloaded at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/30006633

Walsh Paul 1947 ‘Irish Men of Learning: Studies’   Reviewed by MacEnery Marcus in ‘Irish Historical Studies’ Vol. 6  No. 24 (pages 296 – 301) Cambridge University Press.  It may be downloaded at this link https://www.jstor.org/stable/30005069

Donovan John 1856 ‘Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland’ 2nd Edition Volume 1 Hodges, Smith & Co Dublin [xxvii]

Williams Mark 2016 ‘New Mythologies: Pseudohistories and the lore of poets Ireland’s Immortals: A History of the Gods of Irish Myth’  Princeton NJ Princeton University Press. (pages 128 – 193) [xxviii]

John Healy Archbishop of Tuam penned ‘Irish Essays; Literacy and Historical’ 1908 [xxix]

Breatnach Padraig A. 2013 ‘The Four Masters, studies in Paleography and Texts’ Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies [xxx]

Breatnach P. 2002 ‘A seventeenth – century abridgement of Beatha Aodha Ruaidh Uí Dhomhnaill’ Éigse No 33 (pages 77 – 172)  id., ‘Irish records of the nine years’ war: a brief survey that stated tthe relationship between Beatha Aodha Ruaidh Uí Dhomhnaill & the ‘Annals of the Four Masters’ P. Ó Riain (ed) Beatha Aodha Ruaidh: The Life of Red Hugh O’Donnell: historical and literary contexts’ (pages 124 – 47) [xxxi]

O ‘Muraíle Paul Walsh as Editor & Explicator of ‘Beatha Aodha Ruaidh’ (pages 98 – 123) [xxxii]

Ó Muraíle Nollaig 1987 The autograph manuscripts of the Annals of the Four Masters’ Celtica No 19 (pages 75 – 95) [xxxiii]

O ‘Sullivan William 1999 ‘The Slane manuscript of the Annals of the Four Masters’ Ríocht na Mídhe ‘Journal of the County Meath Historical Society’ 10 (pages 78 – 85) [xxxiv]

Holohan Frances submitted an article to the www.ourirish.org site on iCan network National Museum of Ireland website of Abbey & District Heritage re ‘The Book of Duniry’ as one of the Four Masters Micheal Ó ‘Cléirigh transcribed the life of St. Ceallach from the book with its link to Kilnalahan Monastery at this link: https://abbey.galwaycommunityheritage.org/

Bibliography

[i] https://www.libraryireland.com/

[ii] http://magoo.com/hugh/oclery.html

[iii] https://www.dib.ie/biography/o-cleirigh-cu-choigcriche-oclery-peregrine-a6305

[iv] http://magoo.com/hugh/oclery.html

[v] http://tomgallen.com/

[vi] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annals_of_the_Four_Masters

[vii] http://magoo.com/hugh/oclery.html

[viii] https://www.mayo-ireland.ie/en/welcome.html

[ix] Ibid

[x] Ibid

[xi] https://www.dib.ie/biography/o-cleirigh-cu-choigcriche-oclery-peregrine-a6305

[xii] https://www.mayo-ireland.ie/en/welcome.html

[xiii] ibid

[xiv] https://www.askaboutireland.ie/

[xv] www.historyireland.com

[xvi] https://mocleirigh.ie/

[xvii] https://www.buildingsofireland.ie/buildings-search/building/40843016/four-masters-memorial-the-diamond-donegal-donegal-town-county-donegal

[xviii] https://fourmastersgaa.com/about-the-club/club-history/

[xix] https://www.tcd.ie/library/old-library/long-room/

[xx] https://www.mayo-ireland.ie/en/welcome.html

[xxi] https://www.libraryireland.com/

[xxii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annals_of_the_Four_Masters

[xxiii] Cathair na Mart Historical Journal’

[xxiv] https://www.dib.ie/biography/o-cleirigh-cu-choigcriche-oclery-peregrine-a6305

[xxv] https://codecs.vanhamel.nl/%C3%93_Lochlainn_(Colm)

[xxvi] Ibid

[xxvii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annals_of_the_Four_Masters

[xxviii] Ibid

[xxix] https://www.libraryireland.com/HealyEssays/Contents.php

[xxx] https://codecs.vanhamel.nl/Breatnach_(P%C3%A1draig_A.)_2013a

[xxxi] https://www.dib.ie/biography/o-cleirigh-cu-choigcriche-oclery-peregrine-a6305

[xxxii] Ibid

[xxxiii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annals_of_the_Four_Masters

[xxxiv] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annals_of_the_Four_Masters

 

No Comments

Start the ball rolling by posting a comment on this page!

Add a comment about this page

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *