General Sir James Jackson

Military Officer / Lieutenant Governor

Carte de Viste Portrait
Camille Silvy 1862
Ballina Military Barracks Plaque
Author's Personal Photo
British Military Flag.
commons.wikimedia.org
Iberian Peninsula
commons.wikimedia.org
Cape of Good Hope
commons.wikimedia.org

Military Officer / Lieutenant Governor

As a member of the Carramore Jacksons it was inevitable that James Jackson would become a highly decorated Military Officer.  He served as Governor at the Cape of Good Hope during his Military service.

James Vaughan Jackson was born in 1790 at Carrowmore House, Ballina, Co. Mayo during 1790.  He was the third son of Col. George (1761–1805) M.P. for Co. Mayo of the family of Inniscoe Jacksons. (1990 -1991 Vol 11, No. 1V) [i]

James Vaughan Jackson was born during 1790.  He was son of Colonel George Jackson MP of Carramore House, Crossmolina, County Mayo.  His mother was Maria Rutledge. [ii]

Marriage

Aged eighteen years he married Miss Carey. (Oct 3rd 1849)  (1990 -1991 Vol 1 No. 1V)  [iii]

Military Career

James Jackson was commissioned as an ensign into the 83rd Foot on 9th Oct 1806.  He was promoted to Lieutenant on 25th Jan 1808.  He served in the Peninsula War from April 1809 through to 1814.  He was present at several battles that included Oporto, Talavera and Busaco.  He saw action at Pombal Redinha also Foz d’Arouce where he was wounded. He fought at Fuentes d’Onor on 3rd / 4th May 1811, the first siege of Badajoz, January to February 1811.  Then at the the battle of Salamanca on 22nd July 1812.  He had his horse shot at the battle of Vitoria on 21st June 1813.  He was promoted to Captain after the battle on 25th  June.  He was fighting at Maya Pass, Pampeluna on 15th July, the Pyrenees on 30th July.[iv]

Jackson was involved at the battles of Nivelle, Nive and Bayonne.  On 18th June 1815 he fought at the battle of Waterloo then was made Brevet – Major the same day.  He was with the army of occupation in Paris following Napoleons defeat.  From 1819 until 1826 he saw service in India & Arabia.[v]

James Jackson served as an Ensign 83 foot on 29th October 1806 also from 1809 to 1814 including at the Battle of Waterloo.  From 1819 to 1826 he served in India and Arabia.  He was Major of 6th  Dragoon guards during 1827.  His distinguished career followed with his service as Lieutenant–Colonel from 2nd  March to 21st May 1850, Colonel of 6th Dragoons Guards on 17th July 1860.  From 1854 to 1859 Jackson served as Commander – in – Chief plus Governor at the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa.  (N.B. General Sir Thomas Kelly – Kenny, 1870 – 1916 was appointed to command the escort of General Sir James Jackson, General Officer Commanding Cape of Good Hope.) [vi]

Military Secretary

Following the  capture of Beni-Boo-Ali Jackson was appointed Military Secretary to Sir Lionel Smith.[vii]

Promotions

On the 6th February 1865 James Jackson was promoted to General.  From 21st January 1868 until his demise he commanded the 1st Dragoon Guards. (Edward Walford 1860  London Page 338) [viii]

Jackson was appointed Colonel of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons on 11th June 1856 until 17th July 1860 when he transferred as Colonel of the 6th Dragoon Guards.  When General Brotherton died he was appointed as Colonel of the King’s Dragoon Guards on 21st Jan 1868 until his demise.  The Marquis of Hastings recommended him for promotion to lieutenant-colonel.  On 25 May 1826 he was promoted to Brevet Lieutenant – Colonel.  On the 26th April 1827 a promotion followed as Substantive Major in the 6th  Dragoon Guards.  He was a substantive Lieutenant – Colonel on 2nd March 1839 where he commanded the 6th  Dragoon Guards until 1850. He was a full Colonel by 23rd Nov 1841.  He reached the rank of Major – General on 11th Nov 1851: in that rank he Commanded the Cavalry detachments for the Duke of Wellington’s funeral on 18th Nov 1852.  He travelled to South Africa as Commander-in-Chief at the Cape.  He was Lieutenant – Governor there from March 1854 to May 1859.  He was promoted to Lieutenant – General on 26th Oct 1858. He attained the rank of General on 6th Feb 1865.[ix]

Honours

Jackson was awarded the K.H. in 1837, K.C.B. on 5th February 1856 also the G.C.B on March 1865. (Boase, ‘Modern English Biography’ 1897)  He received a War Medal with 9 clasps for his service in Bussco, Fuertes d’ Onore, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajas, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyranees, Nivelle also Nive.[x]

Jackson was made a Knight of the Hanoverian Guelphic Order (KH) in 1837 and a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in 1856.  This was upgraded to Knight Grand Cross (GCB) in 1865.[xi]

He was awarded the K.H. in 1837, the  K.C.B. in 1856 also the G.C.B. during 1865.[xii]

Footnotes

This link has a Portrait of Jackson with comrades: artnet.com

A Ia carte-de-visite portrait of General Sir James Jackson was photographed by Camille Silvy of London on 9th September 1862 according to this link: http://www.19thcenturyphotos.com/General-Sir-James-Jackson-124164.htm

UCG has this link for Landed Estates: http://52.18.205.240/family/389

This link has an image of Gen Jackson  with information: https://www.geni.com/people/Sir-General-James-Vaughan-Jackson/6000000007939217098

This may be of interest: ‘1st King’s Dragoon Guards”Regiments.org. (Archived from the original on 10th  January 2006. Retrieved 26 July 2016) [xiii]

Jackson was mentioned in ‘Genealogical &  Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry’ 1906 Burke Bernard on page 860:https://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Burke%2C%20Bernard%2C%201814%2D1892

In the 6th  Dragoons Guards, brevet Lieutenant – Col. James Jackson to be promoted  Lieutenant – Col – Dragoons.[xiv]

He is listed in the full text of Waterloo Roll Call, with biographical notes & antidotes: Aides-de-Camp, Capt. J. Jackson, 37th Foot. (Wed. Oct. 3rd. 1849)  (Ballina Chronicle’) [xv]

James Jackson 9th D.G.G  was among a list of names of officers to be promoted by the Brevet in 1851:- 1841.[xvi]

James Jackson is mentioned in Burke Sir Bernard’s ‘The General Armoury of England, Scotland, Ireland & Wales.’

North Mayo Historical Journal’ [xvii]

Demise

General Jackson’s demise occurred at Westwood Manchester, England on 31st December 1871.[xviii]

Landed Estates

Sir James Jackson effects in Ireland £10,861 0s 10p late of Carramore House, Ballina, Co. Mayo…. Died on 31st Dec 1871 Note: Jackson, Sir James, K.C.B., K.H. (cr. 1856) London 1860. Page 338. Arms conferred.[xix]

Effects

JACKSON effects under £1,000 late of Carroy, Co. Mayo, Captain in North Mayo Regiment of Militia d 30 July 1865 at same place; proved at Bellina by oaths of William Jackson of Foxford (Archdeacon of Killillea) & Walter Butler of Carroy, Esq, Co. Mayo, executors.  Note: He is in the Carramore Jackson line of Co. Mayo. Rev William Jackson (1808-?) is his brother.  Walter Butler is the husband of his sister Mary Louisa Jackson. [xx]

Jackson Arms

Ermine on a pile azure between two fountains in base proper a Sheldrake or. Crest: Upon a fountain proper a Sheldrake or Motto Aut Mors aut Vitoria (Either death or victory). [xxi]

Bibliography

[i]North Mayo Historical Journal

[ii] https://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/kdgjackson.htm

[iii]North Mayo Historical Journal

[iv] https://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/kdgjackson.htm

[v] Ibid.

[vi] www.silverbowl.com – Biographies

[vii] https://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/kdgjackson.htm

[viii] ‘Country Families of the United Kingdom’

[ix] https://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/kdgjackson.htm

[x] www.silverbowl.com – Biographies

[xi] https://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/kdgjackson.htm

[xii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Jackson_(British_Army_officer)

[xiii] Ibid.

[xiv] http://www.irelandoldnews.com/Mayo/1849/JUL.html

[xv] Ibid.

[xvi] www.silverbowl.com – Biographies

[xvii]North Mayo Historical Journal’

[xviii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Jackson_(British_Army_officer)

[xix] https://www.nli.ie/

[xx] Ibid.

[xxi] Ibid.

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