P.D. Kenny

Journalist / Literary Critic

P. D. Kenny
www.aghamore.org
Map of Cheshire District.
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Bury, England
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Campus Manchester University
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Manchester University Logo.
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Facade Abbey Theatre, Dublin.
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Kenny /Naughton Centre
Ann Cresham Collection

Journalist / Literary Critic

This man was a complicated & enigmatic figure  (a man before his time)  who was frequently involved in political or ecclesiastical controversies also various court cases.  His legacy is remembered in Aughamore.  He was a self proclaimed Unionist from 1907.

Patrick Dermot Kenny was born in Lismagansion, Aughamore, Co. Mayo during 1862.  His mother was Mary nee Doyle, (Her demise occurred on 30th January 1898 aged 70 years) & his father was Patrick.  He had five siblings. [i]

Patrick Dermott was born at Lismagansion, Dugorry, Aghamore near Kilkelly in south – East Mayo. His parents farmed thirty – three acres. [ii]

Education

With assistance from Michael Davitt and others his education continued.  P. D. Kenny presided at a Land League meeting in Bury following another meeting with Davitt.  He later he entered Manchester University to study Political Economy for three years.  Following his parents demise he returned to Aughamore Co. Mayo to continue the farming business.  He then immersed himself in the scientific methods of both agriculture & horticulture whilst he continued to write. [iii]

He attended Doogarry National School as a child. [iv]

He knew some Irish but Kenny claimed he had received just one year’s formal education at the local national school in Aghamore. [v]

Emigration

Kenny emigrated aged sixteen years old to England during 1882. [vi]

During 1882 he emigrated to England as a labourer. In Lancashire he acted as Spokesman for a group of migrants. [vii]

Manchester

A Lancashire farmer helped him obtain further education.  P. D. Kenny saved money then studied economics at Manchester University. Following his Graduation P. D. Kenny became a Glasgow Journalist. [viii]

Employment

He was employed as a labourer in the Cheshire district. [ix]

He was employed as a Commercial Traveller. [x]

Census

P. D. Kenny listed himself as Author, Journalist, Farmer, age forty – eight years old on the 1911 Census Returns at Lismagansion, Aughamore. [xi]

Journalism

P. D. Kenny’s early Journalistic Articles to certain newspapers are now out of print. The Newcastle Daily Chronicle July 13th 1864 – 29th  July 1922 continued on as ‘Newcastle Daily Chronicle,’ ‘North Mail’ from 1922 until March 1923.  In Glasgow, Kenny worked for ‘The Newcastle Daily’.  He moved to Brighton to become a Literary Critic for ‘The Sunday Review’.  He met the young Journalist Winston Churchill whilst working at ‘The Morning Post’.  Kenny collaborated with Walter Long on articles about Ireland for ‘The Saturday Review’.  Kenny contributed to ‘The Leader’ (1902 – 1905.)  He was a regular Contributor to ‘The London Outlook’ from 1911 to 1914.  He also contributed articles to ‘The English Review’ from 1927 to 1931. [xii]

London

P. D. Kenny moved to London as a Journalist. He also acted as a Theatre Critic. In Ireland from 1910 his original principal London Journalistic outlet had been ‘The Outlook’ a unionist weekly owned by the Guinness family. [xiii]

Brighton

P. D. Kenny lived in Brighton when his father died in debt in 1901. Kenny used his savings to clear the debts and purchase the fee-simple of his father’s property. He left the house to a brother& his family: before divisions arose.  Then he lived in a tent for two years while he surveyed the farm.  P. D. Kenny decided to raise money for improvements for the property through Journalism.  He became one of the most controversial Commentators in Edwardian Ireland. [xiv]

Editor

P. D. Kenny Co – Edited ‘The Weekly Nationalist’ in 1905 with T. M. Kettle & Francis Sheehy – Skeffington. He obtained the position of Editor for a year (1896 / 1897) of ‘The Newcastle Daily.’  December 1905 he was replaced as Editor by W. P. Ryan (qv) but he continued to contribute a column ‘Patriana.’  Kenny’s views also hastened the collapse of ‘The Nationist’  (1905 / 6)  a weekly founded by Tom Kettle (qv) with Kenny on its Editorial Staff. [xv]

In 1896 / 7 P. D. Kenny Edited the short – lived ‘Newcastle Daily News’  In 1903 Kenny became editor of ‘The Irish Peasant’ a weekly founded in Navan by the Dublin stockbroker James Mc Cann. [xvi]

Publications

In 1896 he penned ‘How to Stop Strikes’ 1894 J. Hayward Manchester.  During 1903 he wrote ‘Connaught Ranging 1. How We Drink 11. How We Think’ then he produced ‘Economics for Ireland’ 1904 Maunsel Dublin, The ‘Official Philosophy; A Criticism of Co –  Operation in Ireland’ was produced during 1905 Navan.  During 1907 he published ‘The Sorrows of Ireland’ then ‘My Little Farm’ in 1915 (both by Maunsel Dublin) also ‘The Irish Peasant’ in 1904.  The ‘Handbook for Unionist Candidates’ was published During 1909.  His ‘Five years of Irish Freedom’ was published in 1926.   His last known article was written for ‘Ireland Today’ March 1937: he attributed the decline of the Abbey Theatre to ‘neo-druidic despotism.’  [xvii]

During 1896 the Manchester Statistical Society published his booklet ‘How to stop strikes.’  In 1903 he published a pamphlet ‘Connaught ranging: I How we drink: II How we think.’   Between 1902 & 1905 Kenny wrote for ‘The Leader’ (the Journal of D. P. Moran), under his characteristic pseudonym, ‘Pat’, when he presented himself as a plain, utilitarian Irishman.  The Dominican ‘Irish Rosary’ serialised his ‘Economics for Irishmen’ that glorified the work ethic. Soon after 1907 Soon after he announced his conversion to Unionism,  He contributed to ‘The London Saturday Review’. Several of those articles were collected as ‘The Sorrows of Ireland ‘ 1907)  Kenny cooperated with Walter Long (qv) on the Irish chapter of ‘The Saturday Review’ a handbook for Unionist Candidates during 1909.  In 1910 Kenny reported on Political Events in Mayo for London Tory papers.  He praised Conor O’Kelly, a Mayo Home Rule MP who clashed with the Party Leadership also the local Clergy.  [xviii]

In Ireland Kenny chaired a debate on J. M. Synge’s play “Playboy of the Western World” in the Abbey Theatre in Dublin during the January 1907 riots at the request of W.B. Yeats & Lady Gregory.  On hearing of their decision to appoint him as Chairman he was most surprised: as he felt that he was “surly the most unpopular man in all Ireland.’  [xix]

Play

Kenny attended the Opening Night in 1907of Synge‘s (qv) ‘Playboy of the Western World’  He defended the Play as an accurate Representation of the frustrations of Connacht life.  He Chaired a debate about the play in the Abbey. [xx]

Michael Davitt

During the last year of Michael Davitt’s life: both he & . D. Kenny planned various Journalistic & Political Collaborations: notably a Campaign in favour of Secular Education.  Kenny always spoke of Davitt with great respect. [xxi]

Politics

During 1928 Kenny stood for Mayo County Council.  He received a derisory vote but established a ‘Land League’ in November 1929; it had about twenty activists & they held several meetings.  Its programme combined several of Kenny’s preoccupations (such as education) with rural complaints about taxation also calls for local Government.  During January 1931 P. D. Kenny was its Dáil Candidate, (but it split then disappeared soon afterward.)  [xxii]

Losses

His house burned down during 1930: he lost his Library which he valued at four hundred & fifty Pounds.  His last years were spent in poverty as a recluse on his  farm, [xxiii]

Philosophy

His philosophy may have been freedom of thought or expression when he penned these thoughts ‘Given freedom, character follows; given character, progress follows, given progress, the greatness of Ireland follows.’  In his publication ‘My Little Farm’ he wrote the following; ‘after fifteen years in the Strand writing, writing, writing, I had produced little or nothing for more than a day’s notice, though feeling that I could do something better. I wanted to write, really, in books, what I thought, instead of writing in newspapers, what other people pretended to think.’  [xxiv]

Demise

P. D. Kenny’s occurred of a heart attack in 1944. He is buried in Aughamore Cemetery in Co. Mayo.  A Cross was erected on the side road where he died.  His Grand – nephew Tim Duffy gave an Oration on P. D. Kenny’s contribution to the Literary world.  He unveiled a Memorial at the graveside on October 24th 1993. [xxv]

A funerary Monument was erected during 1994 to P. D. Kenny. [xxvi]

Society

The Kenny / Naughton Society was established during 1993 then it was re structured in 2001. [xxvii]

This Society was established during 1993.  Then restructured in 2001.  The main Aim is to celebrate the Achievements of P. D.  Kenny & Bill Naughton at the Kenny / Naughton Autumn School.  It commemorates the lives, works & times of two very distinguished Irish writers from the Aghamore area.  The Autumn School is organised by a dedicated group of men & women for whom the exercise is a labour of love.  The Kenny / Naughton Society fosters friendship, discussion also debates among its members.  They encourage member participation in a whole range of activities. [xxviii]

Tributes

An annual Pat Kenny / Bill Naughton autumn gathering is held in Aghermore. [xxix]

The Kenny/Naughton Society celebrates P. D. Kenny’s works during the annual Autumn School (a permanent base was secured during 1998) on the October Bank Holiday weekend.  The weekend consists of lectures, local tours, workshops, new publications, drama also entertainment.  [xxx]

Tom Kennedy wrote an article in the Western People: http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

Caferkey Patrick / Coen Joe / Rogers Paul W. D. referenced P. D. Kenny in the 2003 Doogarry N.S. Reunion booklet. [xxxi]

P. D. Kenny was mentioned in various articles including; Maurne Patrick Q U B July 2004 ‘Between Fleet Street and Mayo; P.D. Kenny and the Culture wars of Edwardian Ireland.’ [xxxii]

At the Pat Kenny Bill Naughton Lectures of 1994 Adrian Kenny read several times. [xxxiii]

P.D. Kenny articles referencing  Politics, Literature, Science & Art (3rd November 1855 to 23rd July 1922) are now held in the British Library Newspaper Library. [xxxiv]

Criticism

In the Irish Review during 2002 Cork University Press Lionel Pilkington wrote of ‘The most unpopular man in Ireland: P.D. Kenny.’ (pages 51 – 57) also called ‘an Irish Luther who came too soon’  by Hone Joseph Sept. 1946 Irish Bookman (2nd Sept. pages 30 –32)  [xxxv]

Maume Patrick stated that ‘He also began a lifelong habit of litigation over minor local disputes; his vanity, provocative rhetoric, neat dress, and anglicised accent made him a local ‘character.’ Maume Patrick’s 1997 ‘Between Mayo and Fleet Street: P. D. Kenny and the cultural Controversies of Edwardian Ireland’  (an unpublished paper, delivered at BAIS Conference, Salford.)  [xxxvi]

Pilkington Lionel’s Autumn, 2002 ‘The Most Unpopular Man in Ireland’: P. D. Kenny, J. M. Synge and Irish Cultural History’  was published in ‘The Irish Review’  No. 29 Cork University Press (pages 51-57) may be downloaded at this site: https://www.jstor.org/stable/29736072

P. D. Kenny is referenced in an article at this link: http://www.odonohoearchive.com/poff-barrett-the-p-d-kenny-affair/

Further publications etc that referenced P. D. Kenny:

O’Donnell Frank Hugh  1908 ‘Paraguay on Shannon: the price of a political priesthood’

Waters M. 1970 ‘W. P. Ryan and the Irish-Ireland Movement’ (D. Phil. thesis, University of Connecticut),

Lyons J. B. 1987 ‘The Enigma of Tom Kettle’

Hutchinson John ‘The Dynamics of Cultural Nationalism

Kenny Adrian ‘The life and works of P. D. Kenny’

Byrne Joe (ed)1993 also in Aghamore in 1994) Kenny/Naughton Lectures. [xxxvii]

Bibliography

[i]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[ii]  https://www.dib.ie/biography/kenny-patrick-dermott-a4504

[iii]  https://aghamore.org/

[iv]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[v]  https://www.dib.ie/biography/kenny-patrick-dermott-a4504

[vi]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[vii]  https://www.dib.ie/biography/kenny-patrick-dermott-a4504

[viii]  Ibid

[ix]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[x]  https://www.dib.ie/biography/kenny-patrick-dermott-a4504

[xi]   www.nationalarchives.ie

[xii]  https://aghamore.org/

[xiii]  https://www.dib.ie/biography/kenny-patrick-dermott-a4504

[xiv]  Ibid

[xv] http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[xvi] https://www.dib.ie/biography/kenny-patrick-dermott-a4504

[xvii]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[xviii]  https://www.dib.ie/biography/kenny-patrick-dermott-a4504

[xix]  Ibid

[xx]   Ibid

[xxi]  Ibid

[xxii] Ibid

[xxiii] Ibid

[xxiv]  https://aghamore.org/

[xxv]  Ibid

[xxvi]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[xxvii]  https://aghamore.org/

[xxviii]  https://www.mayo-ireland.ie/en/towns-villages/aghamore/kenny-naughton-autumn-school.html

[xxix]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[xxx]  https://aghamore.org/

[xxxi]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[xxxii]  Ibid.

[xxxiii]  https://aghamore.org/

[xxxiv]  Ibid

[xxxv]  http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/k/Kenny_P/life.htm

[xxxvi]  https://www.dib.ie/biography/kenny-patrick-dermott-a4504

[xxxvii]  Ibid

 

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